Forts around Tumkur

The Maps

Forts around Tumkur
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge).

For the original map, see link. As always, the ones I could locate on Google Maps from the map above are marked in blue, those that I found listed in the map but not through satellite are in red.

  1. Nijagal – 13.2474648,77.2174072 Also see the first post.
  2. Devaranyadurga – 13.3810609,77.2141993
  3. Unknown overlooking Tumkur – 13.3241381,77.1631193
  4. Channarayandurga – 13.5967189,77.2084272
  5. Maddagiri/Madhugiri – 13.65488,77.2061419
  6. Sira/Kasturi Rangappa Nayaka Fort – 13.7435851,76.9138563
  7. Basavangi betta/Bhasmangi – 13.7489209,77.035253
  8. Ratnagiri – 13.8165357,77.1289372
  9. Madakasira – 13.9444957,77.2689754
  10. Gudibanda – 13.9741724,77.1023512
  11. Lakki halli fort ruins – 13.9285273,76.4455748
    I am not quite certain about this one. There does seem to be some sort of wall surrounding the settlement.
  12. Hosadurga – 13.7873415,76.2821746
  13. Unknown – 13.6240704,76.3388658
  14. Bairavadurga – 13.0931942,77.1741888
  15. Midigeshi – 13.8319752,77.1935248

Forts around Dharwar-Hospet-Badami Triangle

The Maps

Forts around Dharwad-Hospet-Badami Triangle
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

The Forts

  1. Gajendragarh
  2. Shantagiri
  3. Belur
  4. Wankandrug or Vakkandurg
  5. Chikanal
  6. Gudur
  7. Kelur
  8. Mangalgud
  9. Badami –
    Southern part, Northern
  10. Mudkavi/Mudakavi
  11. Ramdurg
  12. Sirsangi, Govankop
  13. Hooli
  14. Parasgad
  15. Saundatti
  16. Nargund
  17. Anegundi
  18. Hampi
  19. Koppal
  20. Bahadur Banda
  21. Hamgi/Hammagi
  22. HoLalavvana Gudda,Srimantha Ghada Fort
  23. Mundargi
  24. Rangapur
  25. Torgal
  26. Munnavali

Clustering of Forts
There are clearly three different clusters of forts in this map. The top half of the map contains two clusters, one to the west of the hill range and the other to the east. A thin ridge connects the two clusters and a bulge of plains that also extends southwards with Gadag at the center of this plain region.

The third southern cluster is obviously meant to protect access to the Tungabhadra river south of the cluster.

Thanks to Siddeshwar for pointing out some of the forts listed in this post and for putting up pictures from his travels to those forts at his blog.

Forts around Mathura and Bharatpur

Forts around Bharatpur and Mathura
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)
  1. Adeeg/Aring – 27.4859735, 77.5287098
  2. Dig/Deeg – 27.4706678, 77.3289871
  3. Kumher – 27.3151252, 77.3791391
  4. Bharatpur/Lohargarh – 27.2205842, 77.4956703
  5. Sewar – 27.1904222, 77.4419188
  6. Fatehpur Sikri – 27.0904217, 77.6672029
  7. Weir – 27.0167917, 77.1750069
  8. Randheergarh/Randhirgarh – 27.0181441, 77.005797
  9. Mahwah – 27.0395614, 76.916104
  10. Jatwara – 27.2637902, 76.8785906
  11. Mandawar also known as Abhaydurg – 27.1516604, 76.858997
  12. Rajgarh – 27.2341216, 76.6156054

    Rajgarh is spread over a vast area and different parts of the fort are not completely connected to each other. See these maps for all the portions visible on Wikimapia.

  13. Alwar also known as Bala Quila – 27.5825083, 76.5865946
  14. Firozpur Jhirka – 27.7893333, 76.9415474
  15. Govindgarh – 27.5129912, 77.0054644 also see this post.
  16. Laxmangarh – 27.3632969, 76.8607485

    ..and two other structures that look like fortifications near Laxmangarh.

And for the sake of interest, I’ve marked Khanua/Khanwa on the map to locate the place of the famous Battle of Khanua.

Forts around Davangere

Forts around Davangere and Chitradurga
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

The nine forts around Davangere and Chitradurga and as always the map on top marks the forts I could locate on Google Maps in blue and those I could not, in red.

  1. Chitradurga – 14.2097243, 76.394248
  2. Uchangidurga – 14.5608847,76.0482967
  3. Fortification adjacent to Uchangidurga – 14.5475198, 76.0389894
  4. Uchchangipura – 14.6020803,76.1523074
  5. Kanakuppa – 14.5528056,76.2886763
  6. Arani – 14.6045565,75.8034378
  7. Angargatti – 14.351689,75.5197218
  8. Shakara/Shyakar/Hanamanth Goudana Kote – 14.8662071,75.7054889
  9. Savanur – 14.9761499,75.335505

    There is a fort wall on the south of the town and and south east along the lake. Also refer to the book The Nawabs of Savanur By Krishnaji Nageshrao Chitnis.

  10. Bankapur – 14.9236995, 75.2527642
  11. Channagiri

For more info on some of these forts, see these two pages.

Update: Added Channagiri to the list and updated the map based on information from Siddeshwar

Udpate: Added more info about the fort at Shakara with the name of the fort, i.e. Hanamanth Goudana Kote. Thanks to Siddeshwar for pointing out.

Forts around Belgaum

Forts in Belgaum
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)
  1. Belgaum – 15.8582227,74.5244586
  2. Rajhansgad also known as Yellurgarh – 15.7573404,74.5260626
  3. Kalanidhgarh – 15.860153,74.252086
  4. Mahipalgarh – 15.9020078,74.3833423
  5. Gandharvagarh – 15.9543662,74.2411745
  6. Unknown near Vannur – 15.9898203,74.8747846
  7. Subapur/Somapur – 15.902565,74.9809921
  8. Anandgarh – 15.5596271, 74.5268726
  9. Pargarh/Pargad – 15.8169261,74.0453196
  10. Hanumangarh – 15.8504048,73.9707595
  11. Bhimgad – 15.5971214, 74.2971468
  12. Haliyal – 15.3347149,74.7540879
  13. Kittur – 15.6006349,74.791671

Belgaum’s Natural Fortifications

The fortified defenses around Belgaum are helped by the natural fortification surrounding them. In all directions there is a range or a ridge that blocks direct access into the flat area in which Belgaum is situated.

Makali Durga: The Flying Fortress

Saw this fort during a Delhi-Bangalore flight while in a holding pattern around Bangalore’s Devanahalli Airport. Luckily, the plane did not take a circuitous route from this hillock to the runway so I was able to remember the directions to the fort.

Makalidurga

This also a good opportunity to point out two other forts in the area.

Makalidurga(Click to enlarge)
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

Devanahalli

Nandidurga

Also check out a fascinating water colour of Nandidurg.

Forts around Jhansi – Part 2

The last few weeks of work on the Jhansi AMS map has finally paid off. I’ve managed to locate almost all the forts that were marked on that grid as well as locate a few others that were not on that map.

Forts around Jhansi(Click to enlarge map)
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

To start with, the red marks are forts that are on the map but could not be found through the satellite images. That, as always, does not mean that there are no forts at those locations or that the forts do not exist anymore. It simply means that unless someone checks those locations out on the ground, nothing can be said about those forts with certainty. The blue marks are the forts that were found through the satellite.

In all, I found 30 forts and fortifications. To help load the page faster, I am excluding the embedded maps for all of these. The links will take you conveniently to the forts on Wikimapia.

  1. Jhansi – 25.4577771,78.5758924
  2. Barua/Barwa Sagar – 25.3751954,78.7412667
  3. Orchha – 25.3502315, 78.6445892
    Orchha deserves a complete post by itself because of the unique placement of the fort and the massive outer fortification towards the west.
  4. Shakurpura – 25.2470443, 78.5505885
  5. Larwari – 25.2083484, 78.7146163
  6. Kuraoni – 25.0597299, 78.6731064
    The fort is barely visible because of the low res image.
  7. Kumheri – 25.026341, 78.7141764
  8. Fort near Bachera – 25.0011013, 78.5718799
    Another low res image but the structure is discernible.
  9. Ganj Dinara – 25.4627803, 78.3234859
  10. Damron Kalan – 25.4148459, 78.2802916
  11. Pichor/Pichhore – 25.1746359, 78.186425
  12. Baghari – 25.073909, 78.0735737
  13. Unknown fortification near previous fort – 25.0762704, 78.033056
  14. Bhitarwar – 25.7889466, 78.1101322
  15. Datia, main fort and outer fortifications – 25.6740691, 78.4544635
  16. Bamori/Bamhori Kalan – 25.1349116, 79.0875453
  17. Bonda – 25.1498201, 79.0490556
  18. Jatara – 25.0094243, 79.0454721
  19. Patha Ram – 25.4088764, 78.937135
  20. Bijaigarh – 25.4191048, 79.0009099
  21. Bijna – 25.4624316, 79.0173063
  22. Tori Fatehpur – 25.458523, 79.1106606
  23. Gursarai – 25.6165718, 79.1725793
  24. Garvai/Garhvai – 25.6886983, 79.2145318
  25. Samthar – 25.8445477, 78.9011693
  26. Garh Kundan – 25.4815129, 78.8986963
  27. Tahrauli – 25.5364831, 78.9927453
  28. Chirgaon – 25.573424, 78.8109291
  29. Fort near Sihor – 25.6713132, 78.0995965
  30. Dhaura – 25.1282193, 79.156183

The map of princely states in Central India provides a better context for studying them further.

As an aside, while researching other forts in the area, I found a mention of a fort in Niwari where a fort was demolished by the Marathas.

These forts are not the only ones in the area but only those that I’ve managed to locate. There could be others.