Category Archives: Uttar Pradesh

Forts North and East of Agra

The Maps

Forts north and east of Agra

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge).

The Forts

  1. Agra – 27.1798478,78.0223918
  2. Awagarh – 27.4521515,78.4875405
  3. Unknown near Etah – 27.623724,78.6763251
  4. Quila Vijaygarh/Bijaigarh – 27.7367806,78.2265562
  5. Aligarh – 27.930171,78.0634832
  6. Charra/Chara/Chharra – 27.9264693,78.3942425
  7. Kotla Firozabad – 27.2737344,78.4604958
  8. Sasni – 27.7040666,78.0927622
  9. Bishangarh – 27.1096191,79.4116366
  10. Patiali – 27.6922256,78.998968
  11. Dadon – 27.945083,78.4568238
  12. Muhammadabad/Mohammadabad – 27.3064836,79.4259703
    I am not sure about this one. Someone on Wikimapia thinks it was a fort.
  13. Hathras – 27.5930062,78.0610907
  14. Kuraoli/Kurawali – 27.3903375,78.9699841
  15. Mainpuri – 27.2375105,79.0266122

Forts around Banda

The Maps

Forts around Banda

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge).

Click here for the original map

  1. Bhuragarh – 25.4759874,80.3100801
  2. Hajipur – 25.2160556,80.4126692
  3. Kalinjar – 24.9993996,80.4846811
  4. Unknown near Karwi – 25.0206975,80.9106052
  5. Ghazipur – 25.8021635,80.7537764
  6. Mangalgarh, Charkhari – 25.3998925,79.7560537
  7. Bijanagar – 25.299534,79.9184266
  8. Beri – 25.9031629,79.8883832

Forts around Mathura and Bharatpur

Forts around Bharatpur and Mathura

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

  1. Adeeg/Aring – 27.4859735, 77.5287098
  2. Dig/Deeg – 27.4706678, 77.3289871
  3. Kumher – 27.3151252, 77.3791391
  4. Bharatpur/Lohargarh – 27.2205842, 77.4956703
  5. Sewar – 27.1904222, 77.4419188
  6. Fatehpur Sikri – 27.0904217, 77.6672029
  7. Weir – 27.0167917, 77.1750069
  8. Randheergarh/Randhirgarh – 27.0181441, 77.005797
  9. Mahwah – 27.0395614, 76.916104
  10. Jatwara – 27.2637902, 76.8785906
  11. Mandawar also known as Abhaydurg – 27.1516604, 76.858997
  12. Rajgarh – 27.2341216, 76.6156054

    Rajgarh is spread over a vast area and different parts of the fort are not completely connected to each other. See these maps for all the portions visible on Wikimapia.

  13. Alwar also known as Bala Quila – 27.5825083, 76.5865946
  14. Firozpur Jhirka – 27.7893333, 76.9415474
  15. Govindgarh – 27.5129912, 77.0054644 also see this post.
  16. Laxmangarh – 27.3632969, 76.8607485

    ..and two other structures that look like fortifications near Laxmangarh.

And for the sake of interest, I’ve marked Khanua/Khanwa on the map to locate the place of the famous Battle of Khanua.

Forts around Jhansi – Part 2

The last few weeks of work on the Jhansi AMS map has finally paid off. I’ve managed to locate almost all the forts that were marked on that grid as well as locate a few others that were not on that map.

Forts around Jhansi(Click to enlarge map)

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

To start with, the red marks are forts that are on the map but could not be found through the satellite images. That, as always, does not mean that there are no forts at those locations or that the forts do not exist anymore. It simply means that unless someone checks those locations out on the ground, nothing can be said about those forts with certainty. The blue marks are the forts that were found through the satellite.

In all, I found 30 forts and fortifications. To help load the page faster, I am excluding the embedded maps for all of these. The links will take you conveniently to the forts on Wikimapia.

  1. Jhansi – 25.4577771,78.5758924
  2. Barua/Barwa Sagar – 25.3751954,78.7412667
  3. Orchha – 25.3502315, 78.6445892
    Orchha deserves a complete post by itself because of the unique placement of the fort and the massive outer fortification towards the west.
  4. Shakurpura – 25.2470443, 78.5505885
  5. Larwari – 25.2083484, 78.7146163
  6. Kuraoni – 25.0597299, 78.6731064
    The fort is barely visible because of the low res image.
  7. Kumheri – 25.026341, 78.7141764
  8. Fort near Bachera – 25.0011013, 78.5718799
    Another low res image but the structure is discernible.
  9. Ganj Dinara – 25.4627803, 78.3234859
  10. Damron Kalan – 25.4148459, 78.2802916
  11. Pichor/Pichhore – 25.1746359, 78.186425
  12. Baghari – 25.073909, 78.0735737
  13. Unknown fortification near previous fort – 25.0762704, 78.033056
  14. Bhitarwar – 25.7889466, 78.1101322
  15. Datia, main fort and outer fortifications – 25.6740691, 78.4544635
  16. Bamori/Bamhori Kalan – 25.1349116, 79.0875453
  17. Bonda – 25.1498201, 79.0490556
  18. Jatara – 25.0094243, 79.0454721
  19. Patha Ram – 25.4088764, 78.937135
  20. Bijaigarh – 25.4191048, 79.0009099
  21. Bijna – 25.4624316, 79.0173063
  22. Tori Fatehpur – 25.458523, 79.1106606
  23. Gursarai – 25.6165718, 79.1725793
  24. Garvai/Garhvai – 25.6886983, 79.2145318
  25. Samthar – 25.8445477, 78.9011693
  26. Garh Kundan – 25.4815129, 78.8986963
  27. Tahrauli – 25.5364831, 78.9927453
  28. Chirgaon – 25.573424, 78.8109291
  29. Fort near Sihor – 25.6713132, 78.0995965
  30. Dhaura – 25.1282193, 79.156183

The map of princely states in Central India provides a better context for studying them further.

As an aside, while researching other forts in the area, I found a mention of a fort in Niwari where a fort was demolished by the Marathas.

These forts are not the only ones in the area but only those that I’ve managed to locate. There could be others.

Samthar Fort

Samthar fort is in the town of Samthar which was also known as Shamshergarh.

The Imperial Gazetteer of India has a beautiful description of the area. An Economic Times article gives an update on the state of the fort today.

Forts around Jhansi

Continuing the fort mapping started with the map of Hubli, here is the map of the region around Jhansi with all the forts marked. The sheer number of fortifications amazes me and yet it does not surprise me because of the significant role this region has played in the military history of the country.

Forts around Jhansi

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

The blue mark is at Samthar, a post that remains a work-in-progress.