Forts around Dholpur

The Maps

Forts around Dholpur
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

The Forts

  1. Shergarh, Dholpur – 26.6697707,77.9032159
  2. Dholpur Old Fort – 26.6610483,77.9050827
  3. Fort near Bari – 26.6156947,77.6427734
  4. Mandrayal/Mandrael – 26.2969547,77.2352386
  5. Unidentified fort near Utgir – 26.1017757,76.9208461
  6. Utgir/Deogarh Udgir – 26.1167181,76.8759298
  7. Baler/Barel – 26.0759231,76.761893
  8. Khandar/Khandhar – 26.0232174,76.6091037
  9. Unknown fort near Gwalior – 26.3434797,77.9476494
  10. Bayana – 26.8851771,77.2430277
  11. Hatori/Hathori/Hathodi – 26.997738,77.1108699
  12. Tamangarh – 26.709446,77.2643781
  13. Sabalgarh – 26.2422991,77.4052262
  14. Jagner/Jagnair – 26.8610027,77.5991392
  15. Sahar – 26.6071168,76.7285156
  16. Shankerpur – 26.8619407,76.8674916
  17. Machhkund – 26.6831012,77.8648013
  18. Ramathra/Raontra/Raonthra – 26.2736563,76.7599618
  19. Sapotra – 26.2918856,76.7495012
  20. Fort ruins near Toda Bhim – 26.9106714,76.8100628
  21. Naraoli/Narouli – 26.3286962,76.6367787
  22. Ghudha/Guda – 26.7844283,76.670875
  23. Fort ruins near Patoli – 26.9833312,76.8084294
  24. Gijgarh/Geejgarh – 26.8819355,76.6388253
  25. Garh Padampura/Kilankot – 26.8543313,76.771903
  26. Kila Ghat Bhandari – 26.8403365,76.8447089
  27. Torda – 26.832046,76.5754634
  28. Karauli – 26.4950608,77.0279789
  29. Smaller fortification outside Karauli – 26.4928283,77.0335579
  30. Smaller fortification outside Karauli II – 26.4913351,77.0392442
  31. Update: More forts on this map.

  32. Sikri – 26.9253893,76.638962
  33. Huge thanks to Sandeep Paranjape for pointing out the following forts:

  34. Taalchidi/Talchiri – 26.9062943,77.0233011
  35. Khedi Merada – 26.8852536,76.8920231
  36. Fort ruins near Dorawali – 26.9180138,76.9287184
  37. First fort near Tudavali – 26.9664382,76.8447357
  38. Second fort near Tudavali – 26.969895,76.848287

Forts around Nagaur

The Maps

Forts around Nagaur
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge).

Click here for original map

  1. Nagaur/Ahhichhatragarh – 27.1992016,73.7380135
  2. Kuchaman/Kuchawan – 27.1541568,74.8587048
  3. Unknown near Kuchaman – 27.0924968,74.8838344
  4. Mithari/Mithri Hill Fort – 27.0485031,74.8940617
  5. Mithri/Mithari Town Fort – 27.0597468,74.9199772
  6. Panchwa Fort #1 – 27.2168299,74.9311084
  7. Panchwa Fort #2 – 27.2161716,74.9282759
  8. Panchwa Old Fort – 27.2188097,74.9286246
  9. Fatehpur – 27.9962843,74.9550229
  10. Nimbi Jodhan/Garh Jodhana – 27.5315567,74.3438172
  11. Ladnun – 27.6411944,74.3922687
  12. Daulatpura – 27.3810862,74.643707
  13. Sudrashan Fort – 27.4295232,74.8410049
  14. Singrawat – 27.4316419,74.8778397
  15. Losal – 27.3959578,74.9170482
  16. Parihara – 27.9304459,74.5544645
  17. Bathot/Batot – 27.689473,74.9527404
  18. For the ones below, I am not completely sure if they’re fortifications or just any other structures. Someone on Wikimapia thinks they are.

  19. Dhankoli – 27.3292205,74.8133647
  20. Khatu Hill Fort – 27.1268438,74.3087715
  21. Khatu Town Fort – 27.1271804,74.3158418
  22. Ratanga – 27.219115,74.0142086
  23. Odint/Odit – 27.5779698,74.3031362

Forts around Mathura and Bharatpur

Forts around Bharatpur and Mathura
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)
  1. Adeeg/Aring – 27.4859735, 77.5287098
  2. Dig/Deeg – 27.4706678, 77.3289871
  3. Kumher – 27.3151252, 77.3791391
  4. Bharatpur/Lohargarh – 27.2205842, 77.4956703
  5. Sewar – 27.1904222, 77.4419188
  6. Fatehpur Sikri – 27.0904217, 77.6672029
  7. Weir – 27.0167917, 77.1750069
  8. Randheergarh/Randhirgarh – 27.0181441, 77.005797
  9. Mahwah – 27.0395614, 76.916104
  10. Jatwara – 27.2637902, 76.8785906
  11. Mandawar also known as Abhaydurg – 27.1516604, 76.858997
  12. Rajgarh – 27.2341216, 76.6156054

    Rajgarh is spread over a vast area and different parts of the fort are not completely connected to each other. See these maps for all the portions visible on Wikimapia.

  13. Alwar also known as Bala Quila – 27.5825083, 76.5865946
  14. Firozpur Jhirka – 27.7893333, 76.9415474
  15. Govindgarh – 27.5129912, 77.0054644 also see this post.
  16. Laxmangarh – 27.3632969, 76.8607485

    ..and two other structures that look like fortifications near Laxmangarh.

And for the sake of interest, I’ve marked Khanua/Khanwa on the map to locate the place of the famous Battle of Khanua.

Lost forts of Alwar

One approach for finding forts is to go through each grid of the AMS. A few weeks ago, in preparation for a trip to Mathura, I was scanning the map around Mathura for forts I could visit on the way. Among the many forts in the area, the one that fascinated me most was the one at Govindgarh. Fascinated, not just because of its wide moat and 15 bastions but also the fact that it was located in a plain with almost no vantage over the surrounding areas and that it was only about 11-12 KMs north-east of Laxmangarh.

Govindgarh & Laxmangarh, District Alwar
Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

My fascination grew as further research started throwing up information about forts that once stood in the area. The first sign that a fort was missing came from the map above. It clearly marks two forts at Govindgarh. The first one north of the village, shown below, was easy to spot but there is no sign of the second one on images available at Google Maps or Wikimapia.

More Googling took me back to the Ulwar Gazetteer.

In the time of M. R. Bakhtawar Singh, a family of Khanzadas
held many villages round the present site of Govindgarh. Nawab Zulfikar Khan was the principal. His seat was known as the Fort of Ghasaoli. About A.D. 1803 Bakhtawar Singh, in conjunction with the Marhattas, expelled him and the 500 horse he is said to have employed. Ghasaoli fort was destroyed, and the site of it is now a Raj grass preserve. The local seat of authority was removed to Govindgarh, a spot very near the old fort. The present fort is said to have been built by Bakhtawar Singh in s. 1862 (A.D. 1805). It is remarkable for the extent of its moat.

There are a Thana Tahsil and school in Govindgarh, and the population is 4290. The town is twenty-five miles east of Ulwur.

Bainsrdwat, a village four miles south of Govindgarh, containing inhabitants. Here there is a platform and building (thara) where formerly Nar Khan Khanzada, brother of Zulfikar Khan, already mentioned, dispensed justice, and a ruined fort in which he resided. It is curious that people of the neighbouring villages, which belonged to Nar Khan or his brother, still come to this thara to settle disputes by oath.

That description mentions two more forts in the area. First at Ghasaoli, which I could not find on the map. Instead, I found a Ghasoli around 36 KMs north-west of Govindgarh. Not surprisingly, there is no sign of a fortification at Ghasoli, assuming this is the same village as Ghasaoli.

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.

Second fort that it mentions was at Bhainsdawat, about 5 KMs south of Govindgarh. Again, there is no sign of the ruins of the said fort.

In the end, we have two forts documented but missing. One at Ghasaoli which was destroyed and replaced with a grass preserve, which certainly means it was completely leveled, although I was hoping to see the remnants of the bastions at least. In the case of Bhainsdawat, if the fort was in ruins in or before 1878, the date when the Ulwar Gazetteer was published, it is possible the ruins are completely destroyed by now.

In both cases, it is possible that the forts ruins have been built over as the Villages expanded or that I am not even looking in the right place or the ruins are present in exactly these locations but just not visible from satellite. Regarding the third missing fort shown south of Govindgarh on the AMS map, it may be a mistake while creating the map or it could be any of the situations above.

A note of caution, Wikipedia page for Govindgarh has the co-ordinates mixed up with that of Govindgarh in Ajmer district not the one it describes or the one talked about here, which is in Alwar district.

The Two Laxman(s)…garhs

With two tehsils with similar names in the same state, it is easy to get lost. Thankfully, the district names are different.

Laxmangarh, Alwar district, Rajasthan
The Gazetteer of Ulwar mentions that

the old name of Lachhmangarh was Taur. Partap Singh got possession of the place from Sariip Singh, and enlarged the fort and renamed it Lachmangarh. The
fort subsequently endured a seige laid by Najaf Khan.

More information about the history around the district is available at:

The walls and bastions are barely visible on Google Maps and Wikimapia. The fort would hardly be recognizable if the moat was not as prominent in the center of the town. I would not be surprised if even this sign of a fort is covered up and gone in the decades to come.

On the ridge south-east of Laxmangarh are two more structures that look like fortifications.

Laxmangarh in Sikar district

More info at:

Forts around Jaipur

Continuing from the previous post, here are four more forts in the vicinity of Jaipur.

Two forts on the right side of the map are at Naila in the north and Kanota towards the south. Both Naila and Kanota seem more like sarais/caravan stations than self-sufficient forts. Fortification at Naila extends north-wards to the hill. Amidst the hill is the Naila Bagh Palace resort.

On the range bounding the city of Jaipur from East, are two more fortifications. First is Amargarh and name of the second remains unknown to me.

Jaigarh-Nahargarh-Amber forts complex

I had previously mentioned how group of forts come together to create a unified line of defense. In most cases, the separate forts are built over centuries to suit the needs of different rulers, whose threat perceptions change over centuries. One such group is the NahargarhJaigarhAmber forts complex in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

The Southern End of the Aravallis
The complex commands a strategic location at the southern end of the Aravalli range and protects Jaipur from the North while a few ridges of the Aravalli’s cover the eastern approaches to the city. In its hay days, it must have provided excellent defenses against Mughals in Delhi and Agra, which are both to the North-East and East, respectively.

The Fortifications
The white lines below follow the fortifications that are visible in Google Maps.

The fortifications connect the three forts into a single entity. I’ve managed to discern the general axes along which the forts must’ve connected and covered the hills.

There are remnants of a wall/fortification that can be seen in the terrain map above, running along the top of the ridge on the left which runs away North-east towards Delhi.

IAF radars adjacent to Jaigarh

The strategic importance of the area reflects in the fact that a modern day fort exists on the hillock adjacent to Jaigarh in the form of an IAF radar station. It is not surprising given the fact that a similar high ground does not exist towards the west for another 100KMs or so.