Monthly Archives: February 2011

Kalinjar in water colour

E. view of the Fort at Kalinjar. May 1814

E. view of the Fort at Kalinjar. May 1814

Some more pictures and sketches here.

Forts around Belgaum

Forts in Belgaum

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

  1. Belgaum – 15.8582227,74.5244586
  2. Rajhansgad also known as Yellurgarh – 15.7573404,74.5260626
  3. Kalanidhgarh – 15.860153,74.252086
  4. Mahipalgarh – 15.9020078,74.3833423
  5. Gandharvagarh – 15.9543662,74.2411745
  6. Unknown near Vannur – 15.9898203,74.8747846
  7. Subapur/Somapur – 15.902565,74.9809921
  8. Anandgarh – 15.5596271, 74.5268726
  9. Pargarh/Pargad – 15.8169261,74.0453196
  10. Hanumangarh – 15.8504048,73.9707595
  11. Bhimgad – 15.5971214, 74.2971468
  12. Haliyal – 15.3347149,74.7540879
  13. Kittur – 15.6006349,74.791671

Belgaum’s Natural Fortifications

The fortified defenses around Belgaum are helped by the natural fortification surrounding them. In all directions there is a range or a ridge that blocks direct access into the flat area in which Belgaum is situated.

Nandidurg in water colour

View of Nandidroog

View of Nandidroog by Colin Mackenzie

Makali Durga: The Flying Fortress

Saw this fort during a Delhi-Bangalore flight while in a holding pattern around Bangalore’s Devanahalli Airport. Luckily, the plane did not take a circuitous route from this hillock to the runway so I was able to remember the directions to the fort.

Makalidurga

This also a good opportunity to point out two other forts in the area.

Makalidurga(Click to enlarge)

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

Devanahalli

Nandidurga

Also check out a fascinating water colour of Nandidurg.

Forts around Jhansi – Part 2

The last few weeks of work on the Jhansi AMS map has finally paid off. I’ve managed to locate almost all the forts that were marked on that grid as well as locate a few others that were not on that map.

Forts around Jhansi(Click to enlarge map)

Original map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.(Click to enlarge)

To start with, the red marks are forts that are on the map but could not be found through the satellite images. That, as always, does not mean that there are no forts at those locations or that the forts do not exist anymore. It simply means that unless someone checks those locations out on the ground, nothing can be said about those forts with certainty. The blue marks are the forts that were found through the satellite.

In all, I found 30 forts and fortifications. To help load the page faster, I am excluding the embedded maps for all of these. The links will take you conveniently to the forts on Wikimapia.

  1. Jhansi – 25.4577771,78.5758924
  2. Barua/Barwa Sagar – 25.3751954,78.7412667
  3. Orchha – 25.3502315, 78.6445892
    Orchha deserves a complete post by itself because of the unique placement of the fort and the massive outer fortification towards the west.
  4. Shakurpura – 25.2470443, 78.5505885
  5. Larwari – 25.2083484, 78.7146163
  6. Kuraoni – 25.0597299, 78.6731064
    The fort is barely visible because of the low res image.
  7. Kumheri – 25.026341, 78.7141764
  8. Fort near Bachera – 25.0011013, 78.5718799
    Another low res image but the structure is discernible.
  9. Ganj Dinara – 25.4627803, 78.3234859
  10. Damron Kalan – 25.4148459, 78.2802916
  11. Pichor/Pichhore – 25.1746359, 78.186425
  12. Baghari – 25.073909, 78.0735737
  13. Unknown fortification near previous fort – 25.0762704, 78.033056
  14. Bhitarwar – 25.7889466, 78.1101322
  15. Datia, main fort and outer fortifications – 25.6740691, 78.4544635
  16. Bamori/Bamhori Kalan – 25.1349116, 79.0875453
  17. Bonda – 25.1498201, 79.0490556
  18. Jatara – 25.0094243, 79.0454721
  19. Patha Ram – 25.4088764, 78.937135
  20. Bijaigarh – 25.4191048, 79.0009099
  21. Bijna – 25.4624316, 79.0173063
  22. Tori Fatehpur – 25.458523, 79.1106606
  23. Gursarai – 25.6165718, 79.1725793
  24. Garvai/Garhvai – 25.6886983, 79.2145318
  25. Samthar – 25.8445477, 78.9011693
  26. Garh Kundan – 25.4815129, 78.8986963
  27. Tahrauli – 25.5364831, 78.9927453
  28. Chirgaon – 25.573424, 78.8109291
  29. Fort near Sihor – 25.6713132, 78.0995965
  30. Dhaura – 25.1282193, 79.156183

The map of princely states in Central India provides a better context for studying them further.

As an aside, while researching other forts in the area, I found a mention of a fort in Niwari where a fort was demolished by the Marathas.

These forts are not the only ones in the area but only those that I’ve managed to locate. There could be others.